However, if we want to be more exact, instead of electrons orbiting the atom, imagine a quarks cloud of them buzzing around what the atom makes at light-speed.
To produce all the necessary make modes of vibration (of a string) that describes make make all the particles we know it is necessary that the strings vibrate in a 10 dimensional what space.But changing the amount of protons will change what element youre working with.Zweig named the particles 'aces.' Gell-Man called them 'quarks after a read through of James Joyce's.As said before, quarks aren't found on their own.Any hadron not bound to an atomic nucleus quarks make is theorized to be unstable, and as such will decay into something else.As to why they can't just be called 'types' perhaps we should meme ask James Joyce. We kind of makes implied it already, since protons and make neutrons are exclusively up what and down quarks.
They get together to quarks form colorless particles analogous to the way many different colored lights blend together to form a colorless white light.Why what do they come in flavors?Why do we need to break them up further, to understand perfect the universe?Enter the 'colors' of quarks.In the original theory, two up quarks and a down quark add up to make miss a charge of positive one - or a proton.They are a combination of theoretical necessity and experimental evidence.The quarks best way to understand quarks is to understand that, rather than being exotic, they serve as a way to organize and simplify the sprawling subatomic world.But yes, the up and down flavor make up the vast majority of the universe.Quark Flavors: Up 2/3 Charge, down -1/3 Charge, charm 2/3 Charge.It was named the string theory, and stated that at the lowest level, all bosons (like makes the photon) were made of tiny quarks one dimensional strings that are closed or open, and that oscillate in various modes.This might have just been considered a fudge factor for physics, but experimental collisions of electrons and antiprotons have indicated that there are three times as many kinds of quarks as there would be based makes solely on 'flavors.'.The second quark in each pair has a charge of negative one third.
Only incredibly high energy events can separate them for even a short time.
Even now, we cant really build a scale atom for us to understand, even though the modern model is pretty make accurate.